African Undersea Cables

Update July 2019 (Version 48)
French version now available.  Cliquez ici pour la version française.

African Undersea Cables in 2021 - maybe (Version 48)

Please contact me if you’d like a copy of the map in SVG format.

For a history of African undersea cables, have a look at animated gif history. If you’re interested in seeing how these cables are changing access, Stanford University’s PINGer project is monitoring the impact of Seacom and other east coast cables as they come online. You may also be interested in NSRC‘s map of African Terrestrial Fibre initiatives at afterfibre.nsrc.org. Finally, for a more comprehensive look at undersea cables, check out Greg Mahlknecht’s cablemap.info or Telegeography’s Submarine Cable Map.

Undersea Cable Ownership Matrix

African Undersea Cable Investor Matrix

InvestorISOSAT3/SAFESAS-1SEA-ME-WE4TEAMsSeacomI-ME-WEMainOneEASSyGLO1EIGSEASLION2WACSACENCSCSSEA-ME-WE-5AAE-1SACSSAILDAREPEACEMETISSEllaLink
Q1 2001Q2 2003Q4 2005Q2 2009Q3 2009Q4 2009Q3 2010Q3 2010Q4 2010Q1 2011Q2 2012Q2 2012Q2 2012Q4 2013Q1 2016Q1 2017Q2 2017Q3 2018Q4 2018Q4 2019Q2 2020Q3 2020Q4 2020
ACE GabonGA
Africa Marine Express?
AirtelIN
Algerie TelecomDZ
Angola CablesAO
BCS GroupKE
Benin ACE GIEBJ
Bharti InfotelIN
Botswana Telecom (BTC)BW
Broadband InfracoZA
BSCCL (Bangladesh)BD
BSNLIN
BT GroupUK
C&WUK
Cable & Wireless SeychellesSC
Cable Consortium of LiberiaLR
CamtelCM
Canal+ TelecomFR
Canalink Africa SLSL
CAT Telecom TH
CEB (Fibernet)Mu
China MobileCN
China TelecomCN
China unicomCN
Comoros CableKM
Congo TelecomCG
Convergence PartnersZA
Cote D'Ivoire TelecomCI
CPRMPT
CybernetPK
Djibouti TelecomDJ
Dolphin Telecom JLTSN
DuAE
Emtel LtdMu
ETISALATAE
France TelecomFR
Gambia Submarine CableGM
Ghana TelecomGH
GibTelecomGI
Globacom LimitedNG
Global Marine SystemsUK
Global TransitMY
Golis TelecomSO
Govt of CameroonCM
Govt of KenyaKE
Govt of SeychellesSC
Herakles TelecomUS
Hormund Telecom SomaliaSO
HTDGCN
HyalRouteSG
Industrial Promotion ServicesKE
International Mauritania TelecomMR
IslalinkES
JTLKE
KDN (Liquid Telecom)KE
La Guinéenne de Large BandeGN
Libya Post &TelecomLY
Main Street TechnologiesNG
Maroc TelecomMA
Mauritius TelecomMu
MCIUS
MEOPT
MetFoneKH
MPTMM
MTN GroupZA
Nigeria TelecomsNG
NitelNG
Office Congolais de P&TCD
OgeroLB
OmantelOM
OoredooQA
OPT BeninBJ
OPT GabonGA
OrangeFR
Orange CamerounCM
Orange Côte d’IvoireCI
Orange MadagascarMG
Orange MaliML
Orange NigerNE
OteglobeGR
Pakistan Telecom (PTCL)PK
PCCWHK
Reliance JioIN
Republic of Equatorial GuineaGQ
République of CamerounCM
RetelitIT
SafaricomKE
Saudi Telecom Co (STC)SA
SFRFR
Shanduka GroupZA
Sierra Leone Cable CompanySL
SingTelSG
Somtel GroupSO
SonatelSN
Sri Lanka TelecomLK
STP CaboCV
SudatelSD
Tanzania Telecom (TTCL)TZ
Tata CommunicationsIN
TCIUS
TelebrasBR
Telecom EgyptEG
Telecom Italia (Sparkle)IT
Telecom MalaysiaMY
Telecom NamibiaNA
Telesom CompanySO
TeleYemenYE
TelinID
Telkom KenyaKE
Telkom South AfricaZA
Telma MadagascarMG
TelxiusES
Togo TelecomTG
TOTTH
TransWorld AssociatesPK
Tunisie TelecomTN
Turk TelecomTR
VenfinZA
VerizonUS
ViettelVN
VNPTVN
VodacomZA
WananchiKE
WIOCCKE
ZEOPRE

Seacom

The Seacom cable is owned by:

  • Industrial Promotion Services (25%), an arm of the Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (USD 75 million)
  • (Kenya – founded by Prince Karim Aga Khan IV of Pakistan)
    VenFin Limited (25%) – USD 75 million)
  • Herakles Telecom LLC (backed by Blackstone) (25%), New York-based lead company, no website (USD 75 million)
  • Convergence Partners (12,5%) – USD 37.5 million
  • Shanduka Group (12.5%) – USD 37.5 million

EASSy

EASSy is 90% African-owned although that ownership is underwritten by a substantial investment by Development Financial Institutions (DFIs) including World Bank/IFC, EIB, AfDB, AFD, and KfW. Total DFI investment is apparently $70.7 million, with $18.2 million coming from IFC, 14.5 million from AfDB. This is a smaller amount than the originally advertised $120 million investment from DFIs.

South African investors in EASSY include Telkom/Vodacom ($18.9 million) , MTN ($40.3 million),  and Neotel (~$11 million).

WIOCC, an SPV created to facilitate open access is the largest shareholder, with 29%.  WIOCC consortium members include: Botswana Telecommunications Corporation, Dalkom Somalia, Djibouti Telecom, Gilat Satcom Nigeria Ltd., the Government of Seychelles, the Lesotho Telecommunications Authority, ONATEL Burundi, Telkom Kenya Ltd., Telecommunicacões de Mocambique (TDM), U-COM Burundi, Uganda Telecom Ltd., Zantel Tanzania and most recently, TelOne Zimbabwe and Libyan Post, Telecom and Information Technology Company (LPTIC)

Other investors in the system include Bharti Airtel Limited of India,  British Telecommunications, Etisalat of the United Arab Emirates, France Telecom, Mauritius Telecom, Saudi Telecom Company, Comores Telecom, Sudan Telecom Company, Tanzania Telecommunications Company, Telecom Malagasy,  Zambia Telecommunications Company, Zanzibar Telecom.

TEAMs

85 per cent of the cable is owned by TEAMs (Kenya) Ltd and the rest by Etisalaat of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).   The TEAMS (Kenya) Ltd holding breaks down as follows:

  • 32.5% – Safaricom Ltd
  • 23% – Orange Kenya Ltd
  • 20% – Government of Kenya
  • 10% – Liquid Telecom Kenya Ltd
  • 6% – Wananchi Group
  • 5% – Jamii Telecom Ltd
  • 1.8% – Access Kenya Group
  • 1.2% – BCS Group


Africa at Night image courtesy Wikipedia/NASA